Выражение экспрессивности на уровне словообразования на примере повести О. Хаксли После Фейерверка
The depending on character of language units used in the communicative certificate and characteristics of a communicative situation it is possible to allocate the following four types of expressing realization :
а) System — language carriers of expressing are used in express a context — is realized intrasystem (or dictionary, paradigmatic, share) expression;
б) System — neutral units get property of expression in a context — is realized contextual (or syntagmatic) expression;
в) System — language carriers of expression are used in a neutral context — there is a contextual loss of expression ;
г) System — neutral units are used in a neutral context — is realized expression zero .
Borders between the listed cases are not rigid. So, repeated use of system — neutral units in expression’s context can lead to that they become system — expressing. Cases when, on the contrary, expression it is lost owing to very big frequency of the use system — expressing means in a context are possible. Expression such context becomes «hackneyed», «is erased».
The degree of expression (sometimes identified with a degree of intensity) serves one of distinctive attributes for functional versions of language. To the functional versions distinguished high expression, language of fiction, informal conversation and publicism, and also language of advertising concern. To the functional versions distinguished low expression, language of science and technics(technical equipment), and also official — business language concern.
A subject of the given work—« Expression in word-formation on an example Aldaus Huxley “After framework” in English language ».
As a material for research the language material from novel of the English writer has served.
The purpose of the given work is revealing pragmatical features expression. At the analysis of function expression as one of syntactic means of the organization it is emotional the offers serving for realization of a category emotional in English language, it is necessary to carry out the following problems(tasks):
1) To define functions expression;
2) To define how inversion participates in the organization emotionally offers;
3) To reveal all types inverting statements and to analyse them.
Proceeding from this, a subject of our studying are various models of pragmatical effect of the statement. Object of research are some models of English speech.
We have selected a method of the analysis a method of contextual stylistic and grammatic analyses.
Degree work will consist of introduction, a practical part and the conclusion. In a practical part conclusions and assumptions prove to be true examples and statements are analyzed. In the conclusion the most general final reasons of pragmatical aspect of expression in English language are stated, and also the literature on the given subject is specified.
The given subject represents the big interest from the point of view of the pragmatical use and research of various features expression in English language. Pragmatical features expression in English language are area insufficiently studied, but relevant for realization of an emotional component of the communications. Actualization of the offer and expression pragmatists as semantically and communicatively significant category for here on the foreground the author with all of intentions is put forward are crossed in a plane. Existing close communication between subjective type of actualization and an emotional component of the communications never caused doubts in linguists, however, this subject remains practically unexplored. The analysis expression offers shows, that with the help expression the moment in the communications is expressed emotionally.
Syntactic means of expression include the typified updatings front syntactic units possessing expression value. It — amplification, change of the word order, parallel syntactic designs, syntactic repetitions, etc. Special group of typified updatings rhetorical figures and make some infringements syntactic building.
At the communications language can carry out some functions. We can express our emotions by means of language, inform our interlocutors on the information about which they did not know earlier, to influence ideas and acts of people, to speak about the language, to stir with friends, basically, about anything, or to tell histories and jokes.
At studying the communications by object of studying (which passes between participants of the communications) we name the text. Conversation at dinner, the novel, film, advertising thus, everyone are considered as texts in this sense of a word.
At studying the text three following supervision are unconditional:
1. The text exists in the certain communicative situation (in a particular communication situation)
2. The text structural formation, at it is a structure.
3. The text transfers the maintenance, value (communicates meaning)
It is possible to see, that in each function language is focused that on «sender», as at expression functions, on the addressee, as at function of influence, on the maintenance(contents), as at information function. At metalinguistic function language is focused on a code (language we speak about language), at interaction functions language is used for communication of the sender and the addressee, at contextual function language is focused on a context, at poetic function it’s directed on a code and the maintenance simultaneously. At simple to transfer of the information this phenomenon does not arise. It is shown only by transfer of emotions and moods by means of the text, that is we will consider emotionally — expressional function of language.